Omissions? He was said to have fought in the battle by the lake Regillus, and to have won a civic crown in it. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). During the pursuit, some of the Roman officers entreated of Marcius, now almost exhausted by wounds and fatigue, to retire to the camp. William Shakespeare's Coriolanus is a tragedy based on the life of a Roman military leader, Caius Martius Coriolanus (also referred to in history books as Gaius Marcius and Gnaeus Martius). Coriolanus came to fame as a young man serving in the army of the consul Postumus Cominius Auruncus in 493 BC during the siege of the Volscian town of Corioli. Whether he had any share in bringing about the peace of 458, Niebuhr considers doubtful. 9.1", "denarius") ... whom the Roman people twice appointed censor, and then, at his own instance, made a law by which it was decreed that no one should hold that office twice. Updates? ("Agamemnon", "Hom. As a result of this in… Such is the substance of the legend. After this the Romans sent the ten chief men of the Senate, and then all the priests and augurs. Corrections? Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus, legendary Roman hero of patrician descent who was said to have lived in the late 6th and early 5th centuries bc; the subject of Shakespeare’s play Coriolanus. The play is based on the life of the legendary Roman leader Caius Marcius Coriolanus. But he refused to make peace unless the Romans would restore to the Volscians all the lands they had taken from them, and receive all the people as citizens. When the enemy made a sally, Marcius at the head of a few brave men drove them back, and then, single-handed (for his followers could not support him), drove the Volscians before him to the other side of the town. He was subsequently exiled from Rome, and led troops of Rome's enemy the Volsci to besiege the city. Plutarch. OF CAIUS MARCIUS CORIOLANUS HOW HE WON HIS NAME, HOW HE WAS EXILED AND WHAT CAME OF IT. Romani Caium Marcium, cum Volscos aspero proelio vicisset eorumque oppidum expugnavisset, Coriolanum cognominaverunt. Source for information on Coriolanus, Gaius Marcius: The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable dictionary. Gaius Marcius (Caius Martius) Coriolanus was a Roman general who is said to have lived in the 5th century BC. His mother's name, according to the best authorities, was Veturia (Plutarch calls her Volumnia). He received his toponymic cognomen "Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volscian city of Corioli. Plutarch, Caius Marcius Coriolanus Bernadotte Perrin, Ed. The Romans were at war with the Volscians. Gaius Marcius Coriolanus is believed to be a legendary Roman general who lived in the 5th century BC. According to tradition, he owed his surname to his bravery at the siege of Corioli (493 bc) in the war against the Volsci. As a general, he successfully led the city's soldiers against an enemy tribe, the Volscians. His mother's reproaches, and the tears of his wife, and the other matrons bent his purpose. He lost his father while yet a child, and under the training of his mother, whom he loved exceedingly, grew up to be a brave and valiant man; but he was likewise noted for his imperious and proud temper. The general was charged with misappropriation of public funds, convicted, and permanently banished from Rome. When he stands for the consular elections, his temperament and hostility to the plebian class earn him the hatred of the people who promptly depose him and exile him from Rome. Coriolanus was appointed general of the Volscian army. Romani Caium Marcium cognominaverunt Coriolanum, quod aspero proelio Coriolos, Volscorum oppidum, obsederat et expugnaverat. Coriolanus (then known only as Gaius Marcius) held watch at the time of the Volscian attack. during the war against the Volscians (but see below). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Legend, traditional story or group of stories told about a particular person or place. He received his toponymiccognomen"Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volsciancity of Corioli. Coriolanus then took refuge with the King of the Volsci and led the Volscian army against Rome, turning back only in response to entreaties from his mother and his wife. To explain his surname, Coriolanus, the legend told how in a war with the Volscians their capital, Corioli, was attacked by the Romans. According to tradition, his surname was due to the bravery displayed by him at the siege of Corioli (493 B.C.) Of Caius Marcius Coriolanus How he Won his Name, How he was Exiled and What Came of It. Here he encamped, and the Romans in alarm (for they could not raise an army) sent as deputies to him five consulars, offering to restore him to his rights. He goes to the wars and is crowned with a garland of oaken boughs. The only success in this war was the capture of a village na… He led back his army, and lived in exile among the Volscians till his death. "Coriolanus" shows remarkable insight into human failings; a proper purge for politicians of any time and place. For the principal treatment of the…. He died among the Volsci. According to tradition, he owed his surname to his bravery at the siege of Corioli (493 bc) in the war against the Volsci. Sed Coriolanus, quia plebeis ob superbiam suam invisus erat, Romam reliquit et ad Volscos, olim inimicos suos, contendit. Gaius Marcius Coriolanus ⓘ Gaius Marcius Coriolanus He received his toponymic cognomen "Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volscian city of Corioli. According to Plutarch, Coriolanus represented the Roman aristocracy. To these terms the deputies could not agree. Caius Marcius was posted directly opposite to the centre of the enemy's army, and a sharp conflict ensued, in which the enemy were put to fight. Moreover, in 458 BCE, the Volscians obtained from the Romans the very terms which were proposed by Coriolanus. The date assigned to it in the annals is 490 BCE. The legend is open to serious criticism, but it at least indicates that in the early 5th century Rome suffered from Volscian pressure and from a shortage of grain. Gaius Marcius(Caius Martius) Coriolanus(/ˌkɔːriəˈleɪnəs, ˌkɒr-/) was a Romangeneral who is said to have lived in the 5th century BC. He took many towns, and advanced plundering and burning the property of the commons, but sparing that of the patricians, till he came to the fossa Cluilia, or Cluilian dyke. Siamo spiacenti, per oggi hai superato il numero massimo di 15 brani Registrandoti gratuitamente alla Splash Community potrai visionare giornalmente un numero maggiore di traduzioni! In 491, when there was a famine in Rome, he advised that the people should not receive grain unless they … Coriolanus, written by William Shakespeare in 1608, is the tragic story of the Roman General Caius Marcius Coriolanus.The story is one of a brilliant general who, after his greatest victory, takes up a career in politics. History is treated in a number of articles. Volumnia’s speech reminds Coriolanus where his commitments lay, and that he cannot escape his true Roman identity.Volumnia said in the very first act that she would rather have a son die nobly for the state than to seek-out his own pleasures, and she instills this in Coriolanus (1.3.24-25). The Romans were at war with the Volscians. This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain. Gaius Marcius (Caius Martius) Coriolanus (/ˌkɔriəˈleɪnəs, ˌkɒr-/) was a Roman general who is said to have lived in the 5th century BC. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 493 (Varronian), the Romans tried to expel them, but in vain. It is one of the last two tragedies written by Shakespeare, along with Antony and Cleopatra. For this he was impeached and condemned to exile. 1. Hear first how Caius Marcius came to be called Coriolanus, he who was the mightiest soldier, the strongest, bravest patrician in Rome. Its inconsistency with the traces of real history which have come down to us have been pointed out by Niebuhr, who has also shown that if his banishment be placed some twenty years later, and his attack on the Romans about ten years after that, the groundwork of the story is reconcilable with history. I Romani chiamarono "Coriolano" Caio Marcio, perché cinse d'assedio Corioli, città dei Volsci, e … So in memory of his prowess the surname Coriolanus was given him. Coriolanus (Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus) (kôr'ēəlā`nəs), Roman patrician.He is said to have derived his name from the capture of the Volscian city Corioli. Od. Whilst the Romans were forcused on the siege, another Volscian force arrived from Antiumand attacked the Romans, and at the same time the soldiers of Corioli launched a sally. According to legend he was expelled from Rome because he demanded the abolition of the people's tribunate in return for distributing state grain to the starving plebeians. 2. "The list of his conquests is only that of a portion of those made by the Volscians transferred to a Roman whose glory was flattering to national vanity." Postquam reges exacti erant, Romani ex urbe expulerunt Caium Marcium, quem Coriolanum cognominaverant, quia difficili proelio Coriolos, Volscorum oppidum, expugnaverat. In the first years of the fifth century, this mountain tribe had taken over parts of southern Latium, and had captured Antium (modern Anzio and Nettuno). The circumstance that the story has been referred to a wrong date Niebuhr considers to have arisen from its being mixed up with the foundation of the temple to Fortuna Muliebris. According to the Roman historian Livy (59 BCE - 17 CE), Marcius received his surname Coriolanusin the war against the Volsci. He quickly gathered a small force of Roman soldiers to fight against the Volscia… Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. But Coriolanus would not listen to them. For this the tribunes had him condemned to exile. Caius Marcius Coriolanus a Romanis appellabatur. Family of the MARTIANS, and character of CAIUS MARTIUS. Legends resemble folktales in content; they may include supernatural beings, elements of mythology, or explanations of natural phenomena, but they are…, History, the discipline that studies the chronological record of events (as affecting a nation or people), based on a critical examination of source materials and usually presenting an explanation of their causes. Formerly the term legend meant a tale about a saint. Coriolanus is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1605 and 1608. n Gaius Marcius . Coriolanus, vir insignis prudentiae, plebeis invisus ob superbiam suam, plenus irae ad Volscos, fortes hostes populi Romani, confugit. Hear first how Caius Marcius came to be called Coriolanus, he who was the mightiest soldier, the strongest, bravest patrician in Rome. I Romani chiamarono "Coriolano" Caio Marcio, perché cinse d'assedio Corioli, città dei Volsci, e la conquistò con una violenta battaglia. Scholars often group the work as one of Shakespeare’s “Roman plays,” along with Antony and Cleopatra and Julius Caesar. The name Coriolanus may have been derived from his settling in the town of Corioli after his banishment. with an English Translation by. | Sed mox, cum plebi ob superbiam invisus esset, Coriolanus Romam reliquit et ad Volscos confugit. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Gnaeus-Marcius-Coriolanus, Livius - Biography of Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus, Encyclopedia of Myths - Biography of Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus. He received his toponymic cognomen "Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volscian city of Corioli. He received his toponymic title "Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volscian city of Corioli. He was subsequently exiled from Rome, and led troops of Rome's enemy the Volsci to besiege Rome. Type of Work. TESTO - Romani Caium Marcium Coriolanum cognominaverunt quia aspero proelio Coriolos Volscorum oppidum, obsiderat atque expugnaverat. This was the world of the Roman nobleman Gnaeus Marcius: threatened by Volsci and Aequi, and internally divided. He now took refuge among the Volscians, and promised to assist them in war against the Romans. Plutarch's Lives. | Tum cum Volscorum copiis longum et cruentum bellum contra Romanos gessit: | saepe eos vicit et fugavit, ac postremo Romam ipsam oppugnatione … English: Gaius Marcius Coriolanus was possibly a legendary Roman general who lived in the 5th century BC. Pochi anni dopo, però, Coriolano dovette abbandonare Roma, poiché era malaccetto ai plebei a causa della sua arroganza e della sua presunzione. After defeating the Volscians and winning support from the patricians of the Roman Senate, Coriolanus argued against the democratic inclinations of the plebeians, thereby making many personal enemies. Gaius Marcius (Caius Martius) Coriolanus () was a Roman general who is said to have lived in the 5th century BC. Caius Marcius Coriolanus Or C. Coriolanus, the hero of one of the most beautiful of the early Roman legends, was said to have been the son of a descendant of king Ancus Marcius. The patrician house of the Marcii in Rome produced many men of distinction, and among the rest, Ancus Marcius, grandson to Numa by his daughter, and king after Tullus Hostilius; of the same family were also Publius and Quintus Marcius, which two conveyed into the city the best and most abundant supply of water they have at Rome. Or C. Coriolanus, the hero of one of the most beautiful of the early Roman legends, was said to have been the son of a descendant of king Ancus Marcius. The account of his condemnation is not applicable to the state of things earlier than 470 BCE, about which time a famine happened, while Hiero was tyrant of Syracuse, and might have been induced by his hostility to the Etruscans to send corn to the Romans. Sed Coriolanus, quia plebeis ob … Coriolanus, Gaius Marcius (5th century bc), Roman general, who got his name from the capture of the Volscian town of Corioli, but whose pride, despite his military prowess and fame, was so offensive to the people of Rome that he was banished. But his haughty bearing towards the commons excited their fear and dislike, and when he was a candidate for the consulship, they refused to elect him. He received his toponymic cognomen "Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volscian city of Corioli. CORIOLANUS, GAIUS (or Gnaeus) MARCIUS, Roman legendary hero of patrician descent. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The hero, Caius Marcius Coriolanus, is a fearless soldier and a superb leader, but he is so consumed by vanity that he first betrays his country, and then the enemies who had befriended him. In 491, when there was a famine in Rome, he advised that the people should not receive grain unless they would consent to the abolition of the office of tribune. Then, at the suggestion of Valeria, the noblest matrons of Rome, headed by Veturia, and Volumnia, the wife of Coriolanus, with his two little children, came to his tent. III. His mother's name, according to the best authorities, was Veturia (Plutarch calls her Volumnia). Gaius Marcius Coriolanus synonyms, Gaius Marcius Coriolanus pronunciation, Gaius Marcius Coriolanus translation, English dictionary definition of Gaius Marcius Coriolanus. He received his toponymic cognomen "Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volscian city of Corioli. Romani Caium Marcium cognominaverunt Coriolanum, quod aspero proelio Coriolos, Volscorum oppidum, obsederat et expugnaverat. He was then promoted to a general. On the spot where he yielded to his mother's words, a temple was dedicated to Fortuna Muliebris, and Valeria was the first priestess. After this, when there was a famine in the city, and a Greek prince sent corn from Sicily, Coriolanus advised that it should not be distributed to the commons, unless they gave up their tribunes. Attius Tullius, the king of the Volscians, found a pretext for a quarrel, and war was declared. Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus, legendary Roman hero of patrician descent who was said to have lived in the late 6th and early 5th centuries bc; the subject of Shakespeare’s play Coriolanus. Article created on Tuesday, January 23, 2007. He was then promoted to a general.